The Michigan Supreme Court has ruled that Michigan's right-to-work laws, which prohibit requiring employees to join a union or pay a union fee, also apply to state employees.
The court ruled in a 4-to-3 decision.
The high court also ruled the state law requiring state employees to contribute four percent toward their retirement is also constitutional.
The rulings are a defeat for labor unions in Michigan which represent about 36-thousand state employees.
They had argued only the Michigan Civil Service Commission can set conditions of employment for civil servants, not the legislature.

-Michigan Radio Network